SUNScholar/Secure Internet Connections

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For the need to use https, check: and
To check if your internet connection is secure, use:


This wiki page describes a method of securing communications to a DSpace installation on the internet.

To protect the user credentials of the members of the research community that your repository will serve, it is highly recommended that all logins to the system are encrypted using the procedure detailed below.

It is assumed that DSpace has been installed according to the suggested guidelines here:

Update - 2014/11/18

A free certificate authority service is launching in 2015 that will greatly simplify the configuration of a secure server. See the link below.


  • This is not needed if doing an evaluation of the software on a test server behind your institutions firewall.
  • The Tomcat server MUST be listening on port 443. See link below.

SSL Defaults

  • The default location for certificates is: /etc/ssl/certs. This is where we will put the certificates. Other services should point to this folder for the certificates.
  • Secure internet connections are created using the secure port (443) which must be opened on the campus firewall for your particular server by the central IT department.

Step 1. Create the SSL certificates

Step 2. Apply for a signed certificate

Step 3. Intermediate CA certs

Step 4. Setup Tomcat to use the SSL certs

Step 5. Enable secure XMLUI logins

Become the dspace user

su dspace

Open the DSpace config file for editing as follows:

nano /home/dspace/source/dspace/config/dspace.cfg

Go to the following section of the DSpace config file:

# Force all authenticated connections to use SSL, only non-authenticated
# connections are allowed over plain http. If set to true, then you need to
# ensure that the 'dspace.hostname' parameter is set to the correctly.
xmlui.force.ssl = true

Enable logins by changing "xmlui.force.ssl" to true.

NANO Editor Help
CTL+O = Save the file and then press Enter
CTL+X = Exit "nano"
CTL+K = Delete line
CTL+U = Undelete line
CTL+W = Search for %%string%%
CTL+\ = Search for %%string%% and replace with $$string$$
CTL+C = Show line numbers

More info =

Step 6. Enable HTTPS by default

If using the default Mirage theme, you can enable HTTPS by default by modifying the "baseUrl". See link below.

You can also enable HTTPS by modifying the "dspace.baseUrl" in the "" file. Change http to https. See link below.

Step 7. Rebuild DSpace

Rebuild the DSpace webapps using the custom rebuild script.

Step 8. Check the secure connection




Monopoly Notes

Please note: A quiet monopoly has been created in the SSL cert business. Verisign buys Thawte, Verisign buys Geotrust, Symantec buys Verisign.

Update - 2013/10/09. Now we know why a monopoly, so that the NSA can spy on everyone even with SSL certs. What a joke these certs are.