*** Eliminating author name ambiguity is extremely important for any research information system. ***
A unique researcher identification system eliminates any author name ambiguity there may exist about who authored a paper. A unique researcher id, research funder id and research institution id, allows you to produce accurate data about individual researcher outputs and the possible impact that the research has. These are basically machine-readable id's that can automatically programmatically gather data from various sources and cluster research information around an individual researcher. For example these id's would be able to create and automatically regularly update, a researcher profile. They could also be used to create a profile of the funded research for a funder or a profile of the research institutions research output for the research institution.
OFFICIAL FEATURE REQUEST
Researcher Identifier References
ORCID (Open Researcher and Contributor ID) is a nonproprietary alphanumeric code to uniquely identify scientific and other academic authors. This addresses the problem that a particular author's contributions to the scientific literature can be hard to electronically recognize as most personal names are not unique, they can change (such as with marriage), have cultural differences in name order, contain inconsistent use of first-name abbreviations and employ different writing systems. It would provide for humans a persistent identity — an "author DOI" — similar to that created for content-related entities on digital networks by digital object identifiers (DOIs).
ResearcherID is an identifying system for scientific authors. The system was introduced in January 2008 by Thomson Reuters. This unique identifier aims at solving the problem of author identification. In scientific literature it is common to cite name, surname, and initials of the authors of an article. Sometimes however, there are authors with the same name, with the same initials, or the journal misspells, resulting in several spellings for the same authors, and different authors with the same spelling.
The International Standard Name Identifier (ISNI) is a method for uniquely identifying the public identities of contributors to media content such as books, TV programmes, and newspaper articles. Such an identifier consists of 16 numerical digits divided into four blocks. It was developed under the auspices of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) as Draft International Standard 27729, the valid standard was published 2012-03-15. The ISO technical committee 46, subcommittee 9 (TC 46/SC 9) is responsible for the development of the standard. ISNI will provide a tool for disambiguating names that might otherwise be confused, and will link the data about names that are collected and used in all sectors of the media industries.